The Do's and Don't for first-aid and disasters
I have seen some pretty odd things done to people that
needed help. Many are the wrong thing for the right reason.
This is not to replace taking a
first-aid class, only to bate you into taking one. Come on,
it only takes one day. Let me put like this:
One day of your life, that may give someone else a
chance to live.
First Rule: Check - Call - Care
Check to see if the scene is safe
if not Don't go in, call
if the scene is safe - check to see if any one needs help
Call your emergency number if needed
Care for the victim
Burns - heat
Do run cool water over the burn If no blisters appear, you
may want to use an over the counter medicine If you develop blisters, simply
wrap in clean gauze Seek medical attention if needed.
Don't put butter on it - butter is for veggies
Don't ice it - ice is for your coke that is served with your
Don't pop the blisters - if you must pop something, buy a
You should always seek medical attention if:
Burns - chemical
The victim is a child or elderly
If the burn covers more than one body part.
If the burn is to any sensitive areas of the body: hands,
face, feet, genitals, etc.
If the burn is deep. (3rd degree)
If not sure GO!
Places to find massive amount of water: shower, garden hose,
or put a quarter in at the car wash. Don't laugh ever seen a car battery
blow? Do strip any affected clothing and jewelry.
Don't put water on a dry chemical ( like crystal Drano)
Don't pull the clothing over the head
Do call 911 or your emergency number for help
Do gently brush any dry chemical off clothing, in
a downward direction
Do remove clothing. Keep away from face cut clothing if need
Do place the person under massive amounts of water if the
chemical is liquid such as "Liquid Plumber"
What is the first thing you do, when you cut your self?
You grab it, and may say a word or two. The grabbing it is the correct
thing to do, you are applying pressure.
Simply do the following:
Don't get someone's else's blood on you. Use a barrier: gloves,
a waxed hamburger wrapper, sandwich bag, chip bag, you get the idea. Any
thing that won't let moisture through.
Don't lift the bandage to see if it is still bleeding. If
it is, it will soak through and you will see it.
Don't use a tourniquet. No jokes here. This skill is reserved
for professionals only. I don't care if you were a girl or boy scout.
Apply direct pressure to the wound
Elevate above the heart. (if no bones are broken)
Apply a second dressing if blood soaks through the first
Apply a pressure bandage if soaks through 2nd dressing -
a pressure dressing can be made out of roller gauze, strips of cloth, or
even a tie. A pressure bandage is snug, but does
not cut off circulation. Think of it as the difference in a
pair of panty hose vs. a girdle. seek medical attention
While waiting for help, apply pressure to a pressure point
- for this item you need to take a basic class.
Body parts that come off
Treat as you would for a cut, expect be sure you seek
medical attention. Modern medicine can reattach a lot of body parts. Just
ask Mr. Bobett. The part should be placed in a baggie,
and iced Just like you do to boiled shrimp. Don't forget to sent
the part with the victim.
Don't hit the person across the back. If you feel you must
hit the person wait until he quits choking and do it then.
Do ask my favorite dumb question, "Are you choking?"
If the person can answer encourage him to keep coughing.
If he stops coughing - do the Heimlich maneuver It hasn't
change in all these years.
Do call for help.
This is it for now. Later chapters will include:
Don't stuff your wallet, fingers, or silverware in his mouth.
Please don't sit on him
You sorry little bee
Don't lay a lip lock after a snake
Is he drunk or too much sugar
rare medium or well done
What to do with the Brandy the St. Bernard carries on the
Wow look at that tornado!
Something smells strange, lets strike a match
Look at that wreck !